China have changed their 3 decade old policy and now allow couples to have 2 children
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In 1979 China implemented a one child policy per couple as an answer to reducing birth rates and growth reduction. The quickly increasing number of citizens was apparently becoming too much of a burden on their resources.
If anyone violated the policy they would be hit with fines, loss of employment and forced abortion.The result has led to a major gender imbalance and an under-reporting of female births.
There were exceptions though to the rule. Those living in rural areas could have a second child if the first one was female and also ethnic minorities were allowed to have two. Since 2013, the government have seemed to ease up and started allowing couples to have a second child if one of the parents was an only child.
On Thursday though, the Chinese State Media Xinhua News Agency announced that the Communist party have officially changed this 3 decade old policy and now allow couples to have 2 children. This is to “improve the balanced development of (China’s) population”. China has an aging population where 30% are over the age of 50 and the number of people in the workforce are decreasing.
Even with this new policy, couples may decide to still have only one child. Having a second child includes incurring more expenses and more social pressure as China is an extremely competitive society. If the number doesn’t increase though, India’s population of 1.3 billion will soon surpass China’s 1.38 and there may result in many economic problems in the future.