Where in England People are Living the Longest

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New research from Public Health England (PHE) published by The Lancet reveals an increase in the average life expectancy of Britons. In 1990 the average age was 75.9 but the current life expectancy has increased by 5.4 years and is now 81.3.

This increase is due to the decrease in the number of deaths from cardiovascular disease, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Even though people are living longer though, there is also more time spent being ill compared to the 90’s. People are receiving treatment but not any cure.

On an average women are still living longer than men with the average age of 83.2. But over the past 25 years men have added an extra 6.4 years and now have the average life expectancy age of 79.5. There is a divide though not just in gender but within England.

Those that live in the southern region, specifically the South East are at the top of the life expectancy table with an average life expectancy age of 82.4 versus those in Scotland at 79.1, almost three years longer. East of England and South West England are also near the top of the table. The North West regions performed the worst.

The more affluent areas tend to have a higher life expectancy rate. Those in the poorer areas would have more unhealthy lifestyle habits and diets which will lead to obesity, one of the major causes of illness. PHE Professor John Newton states that inequality is “deep-rooted and persistent and lie largely outside of the healthcare system."

Professor John Ashton, President of the Faculty of Public Health in the UK stated “Healthy life expectancy powerfully reflects our social environment: having a living wage, living in decent housing and eating healthy food. We urgently need government to make people's’ social environments healthier." The Comprehensive Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors (GBD) also states that while the average life expectancy age has increased, the health gap between rich and poor has hardly altered in the past 25 years.

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